Travel to Dublin
Dublin has never been at the back of history. He was always on the front line. And in the XII century, when the city became a stronghold of English power in Ireland, and in the XVI, when Queen Elizabeth I founded Trinity College as a Protestant University for the Irish nobility, and in the XVII, when Ireland was conquered by Cromwell. Dublin owes its birth to William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw and Samuel Beckett, Oscar Wilde, Jonathan swift and the Creator of Dracula, Bram Stoker. And the city gained its popularity thanks to the works of James Joyce, who with a stroke of his pen told the whole truth about its inhabitants.
1. Become a Ghost hunter
The medieval castle of Malahide, which appeared near Dublin in the XII century, owes its existence to the influential Talbot family, who until 1975 were the sole owners of the castle, after which it became the property of the Dublin municipality. Between 1649 and 1660, the castle was captured by Cromwell's army during the Irish campaign. Cromwell placed the castle at the disposal of miles Corbet.
Legend has it that Corbet was a cruel and ruthless man who destroyed all those who could plot against him. It is said that at least he killed more than 300 people. And it didn't go unpunished. After the fall of Cromwell's rule, Corbet was brutally executed. It is his Ghost, according to the keepers of the castle, that lives within the walls of Malahide.
Malahide castle offers visitors a unique opportunity to explore its centuries-old history through audio tours that tell you local legends and everything related to the castle. You can't take photos inside the castle.
In addition, in the courtyard of the castle, there is a Museum of railway transport models and a Museum of old toys.
2. Find the house where Bernard Shaw was born
Playwright, author, novelist, Nobel prize winner in literature and social activist George Bernard Shaw was born on July 26, 1856 on the outskirts of Dublin in a small but very cozy Victorian house on sing street, where his house is now a Museum.
He lived here for only 20 years, but this was enough to understand what was the childhood of the future great writer. The interior and furnishings of George Bernard Shaw's home have been completely restored, so you can see the toys, books, sets and paintings that surrounded little Bernard. The house Museum is open to the public during the year from Tuesday to Thursday from 11.00 to 15.30, and on Saturdays from 14.00 to 17.00. Weekends are Sunday and Monday.
Tickets cost 6 euros for adults, 5 euros for seniors, 4 euros for children up to 12 years old, a family visit will cost you 15 euros. You can also book a tour where you will be told about what the Shaw family did, and what pranks Bernard committed as a teenager.
3. Live in the Martello towers
Martello towers are castles-FORTS on the territory of Ireland, which were built during the Napoleonic wars (1804-1815), to protect against a possible attack by Bonaparte. They have received the name Martel, the title of such facilities on the island of Corsica. Assuming that Napoleon would try to capture Ireland first, the first castles – FORTS appeared here in 1804.
The largest number of them (28 pieces) were built along the coastline in the area of Dublin, including the Islands of "Irish Eye" and "Lambay". To the North of it, 16 castles – FORTS were built, and 12 such towers are located in the southern part of the island of Ireland, in the area of Cork. FORTS tried to build in such a way that they were in line of sight from each other.
In diameter, these towers are 12-15 meters, in three levels, with the entrance door located high enough above the ground. Accordingly, to get inside the castle-Fort, it was possible only by a ladder, which was removed if necessary.
At the very top of the Fort was a platform with a mechanism for turning the guns 360° . Fortunately, for Ireland and great Britain, where 103 castles and FORTS were also built, Napoleon decided to attack Russia first, but after being defeated by it in 1812, he abandoned plans to capture England and Ireland. As a result, none of the built castles – FORTS were ever used for their intended purpose.
The most famous of these castles is the tower where the famous Irish writer James Joyce lived for 6 days, and where his Museum is located. It was there that he wrote part of his famous work "Ulysses".
Some of the Martello towers now house hotels. Fun, however, is not cheap, but if you want to feel like a real hero-live in them for at least a week. The average price for a 7-day stay is about 1,900 euros.
4. Take a walk in the Park, St. Stephen's green
On an area of 9 hectares in the heart of Dublin, St. Stephen's green Park is located. It was opened to the public in 1664, but then passed into private hands and was closed for public walks.
It was only at the end of the nineteenth century that sir Guinness persuaded Parliament to open the Park to the public, proving that it had great cultural value. In 1880, the territory was put in order, flowerbeds were laid out, trees were planted, fountains were built, and statues and monuments were placed.
St. Stephen's green Park is popular not only with local residents, but also with tourists who spend a lot of time here. In the Park, you can have a picnic, sit in restaurants or just hide from the city bustle.
The Park has one of the best playgrounds in the city, so if you are traveling with children, this is the best place to play.
In the evening, there are live music concerts or theatrical performances.
5. Admire the colorful doors
Multi-colored doors are the same symbol of the city as the multi-colored houses on the island of Burano. Here you can find more colors than a rainbow. All doors have their own unique handles and brass overlays with a hammer.
Here it is still customary to knock, not ring the doorbell. The reason for the doors to be painted in different colors is banal. They say that they were painted so that drunk residents of the city, returning home from the pub, found their door, and not the door of a neighbor.
There is, however, another theory. It consists in the fact that the doors were painted for another reason — residents just wanted to improve the monotonous townhouses.
6. Meet peacocks and monkeys
Dublin zoo is known to all those who do not like standard zoos, where animals languish in iron cages. This pet house is located in the West of Dublin in the city's beautiful Phoenix Park. It was founded in 1830 and today covers an area of about 26 hectares of land.
All animals live freely in the so-called theme zones. The first theme area at Dublin zoo was "Primate World", which is an island where each island is home to a specific species of Primate. The Islands are connected by special bridges.
Soon other thematic zones were opened behind the first one — "world of cats", where a rich assortment of mammals of the cat family is presented," City farm", where visitors can get acquainted with large domestic animals, and"African plains".
The last theme zone was created in 2000. to create it, the zoo area was increased by 13 hectares. In this zone, you can observe the life of the largest inhabitants of the African savanna-giraffes, elephants, hippos, rhinos and many other animals.
Dublin zoo is the birthplace of the movie star animal. This is the lion that has become the hallmark of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
7. Drink the best beer in the world
If we talk about Dublin, we mean "Guinness". "Guinness" is a legend and symbol of Ireland, the world's most famous Irish beer. It all started in 1752, when Arthur Guinness inherited 100 pounds. This allowed Arthur to lease a small brewery in Leixlip in 1756, where he and his younger brother Richard began brewing ale.
Three years later, Arthur moved to Dublin, where he rented a dilapidated brewery for a period of 9,000 years. Arthur Guinness died in 1803 at the age of 78. His son, Arthur Guinness II, continued his father's business, and very successfully — 52 years later, at the time of his death, the company sold up to 4 million gallons of beer annually.
Now it is the largest company that supplies the "dark drink" to the whole world. You can drink the famous beer in simple pubs, as well as in the Guinness beer Museum, which is visited by more than a million tourists every year.