Travel to Australia: city of Perth
One of the major cities on the Australian continent is the city of Perth. The state capital of Western Australia is located in the South-Western part of the mainland on The Indian ocean. Perth is a well-known tourist route that interests travelers from all over the world. This city attracts visitors with its ancient buildings, cozy beaches and natural beauty.
Museum Of Western Australia
The Museum of Western Australia is the heart of Perth's Cultural Center, with about 4.5 million exhibits. The Museum was established in 1891. Currently, its exhibition introduces visitors to the history of Western Australia, aboriginal culture, nature and, not surprisingly, space – there is a meteorite weighing eleven tons. Another interesting object of the Museum is the skeleton of a blue whale. The Museum's archaeological collection is one of the largest in the southern hemisphere.
Until 1971, the Museum was located in the building of the old Perth prison and was called the Geological Museum. In 1892, ethnological and biological collections were added to the geological collections, and in 1897 the Museum officially became known as the "Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia". In the second half of the 20th century, the Botanical collections were moved to the new Herbarium, and the Museum and art gallery were separated. The Museum has thrown its efforts into collecting items of anthropology, history, archaeology and natural Sciences. At the end of the 20th century, there began to appear exhibits that are associated with the history and culture of the aborigines, as well as the wreckage of ships that were wrecked. The old Perth prison building is now part of the Museum complex, as one of the oldest surviving buildings in Western Australia.
Among the permanent exhibitions of the Museum is the exhibition "the Land and people of Western Australia", which demonstrates the history of this land from the time of the dinosaurs and aborigines to current environmental problems. You can learn more about the history of dinosaurs at the thematic exhibition, where there are parts of the skeletons of prehistoric lizards. The history and culture of the aborigines of Western Australia is presented by the exhibition "Katta Jinung". The Dampier marine Gallery talks about the biodiversity of the waters of the Dampier archipelago. In the galleries of Mammals, Birds and Butterflies there are exhibits of amazing nature. For children and adults, the Museum operates the discovery center, which introduces the Museum's collections in an interactive form.
The Museum of Western Australia also conducts a number of research programs in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, marine Zoology, and nature conservation.
Art Gallery Of Western Australia
The art Gallery of Western Australia is part of the Perth Cultural Centre. It is located next to the Museum of Western Australia and the State library. The modern gallery building opened in 1979. The gallery's collection includes more than 15.5 thousand works of art, which are enjoyed by up to four hundred thousand people every year.
Previously, the gallery was located together with the Museum and library in the Jubilee building, which was built in the late 19th century. And the management occupied premises in the former Police Quarter. In 1977, during the mining boom, the main gallery building was built. In those years, the authorities of Western Australia spent a lot of money on the development of culture, and on the eve of the 150th anniversary of the Foundation of Australia, in 1979, allocated funds for the construction of the library.
The building of the Art gallery is made in a brutal style, known at that time in European design. The gallery's first collection was eclectic: it featured works by Indian and Asian artists, works by Australians of European descent, and copies of English art. Modern exhibitions include works of traditional and current aboriginal art from the Northern Territories and Western Australia, and works by Australians from the 1820s and 1960s. Every year, the exhibition "Year 12 Perspectives" shows visitors the creations of art school students-paintings, digital art, sculpture and design developments.
Perth Bell Tower
The bell tower of Perth is a true symbol of the capital of Western Australia and one of the most beautiful places in the city. The name of the bell tower, which is located on the Wharf on Barrack street in the heart of Perth, translates as"Swan tower".
The tall pointed tower, built in 1999-2001, is 82.5 meters high and resembles two huge sails. Inside there are 18 bells, most of which have a long history, they were brought from London. There is evidence that they were made in the 14th century. The ringing of these bells celebrated many historical events, such as the victory of England over the Spanish Armada in 1588, the return of captain cook from a circumnavigation of the world in 1771, and others. In 1988, these bells appeared in Perth for the celebration of the bicentennial of Australia.
The bell tower houses a collection of antique clocks, optical instruments and bells, including rare Asian ones, which tells how people stored time before the digital age. Here you can watch a movie about the construction of the bell tower and its history, listen to the amazing ringing and at the same time see the bell ringers thanks to an audio-visual system that broadcasts images from various floors of the tower on nine screens. In the evening, one of the main attractions of Perth is highlighted in different shades by a new lighting system.
The bell tower is surrounded by a mosaic path, which is lined with ceramic tiles. The tiles were made in schools in Western Australia and laid out as in the alphabet by the name of the school. On each tile, students from the school in 1999 entered their names.
The Perth Zoo
Perth zoo was established in 1898 on an area of 17 hectares. The idea for its creation came a few years earlier from the Acclimatization Committee of Western Australia, which planned to introduce European animals to the new continent. Already in 1987, bear caves, cages for various mammals, a house for monkeys and pens for Guinea pigs were made. The zoo's first animals were two monkeys, an orangutan, a tiger, a pair of lions, and four South American ostriches.
During the first year of operation, the zoo was visited by more than 53 thousand people, and in its entire history, it has never been closed. Now the zoo has over a thousand animals. There is also a rich Botanical collection. Among the first floral displays of the zoo were lupines, roses, palms and tropical plants. In addition, those palm trees that were planted more than a century ago still grow in the zoo – this is 60 species, including rare palm trees of the Canary Islands. They also grow crops that are used for animal feed.
The zoo is divided into three main zones: the Asian Rain Forest, a Walk through Australia, and the African savanna with small additional displays such as Small Primates or Birds of South America. All zones provide natural habitat for animals.
The Australian zone consists of expositions that introduce the inhabitants of wetlands and shrubs, nocturnal animals and reptiles. Here you can see black-necked storks, black swans, variegated cormorants, Australian brolga cranes, speckled ducks and other birds, as well as crocodiles, frogs and turtles. In this zone there is a pool of 50 thousand liters of water, which is home to penguins and brown-winged terns. Representatives of the Australian bushland are EMU ostriches, quokka, koalas, red kangaroos, echidnas, wallabies, wombats and Tasmanian devils. A separate exhibition is dedicated to the Australian animal nambat – marsupial anteater, which is under threat of extinction.
In the zone of African savannas, you can see cheetahs, lions, Grant's zebras, Rothschild's giraffes, baboons, ray turtles, hyenas, meerkats and rhinos in closed cages. Visitors look at the animals as they walk along the path, which is made in the form of a bed of a dried-up river.
The Asian Rain forest is home to endangered Asian animals. It is home to Asian elephants, Eastern clawless otters, Nepalese red pandas, tigers, Sumatran orangutans, Gibbons, and sponge bears. Perth zoo spends money to protect many of these species in the wild. The Sumatran orangutan breeding program is the most successful in the world.
Other conservation projects at the zoo include breeding programs for white rhinos, Rothschild's giraffes, and Sumatran tigers. Australian animal species that participate in the programs are also released into the wild.
Aquarium Of Western Australia
The aquarium of Western Australia is located near the city center in Hillary's boat Bay. The history of its appearance is quite interesting: in the 1970s, entrepreneur Morris Kahn together with his son on the Red sea was engaged in diving. At some point, the boy began to quickly float to the top and the father, to help him get past the caisson disease, swam sharply after him and eventually damaged his eardrums. Maurice Kahn spent the rest of his vacation on land, where he thought about how to move the underwater life of the oceans to the shore, so that everyone who for one reason or another is not able to dive could watch it. This is how the idea of creating an entertainment Park "Coral world" arose, and its branches began to function in many countries of the world.
In 1991, Maurice Kahn bought the Underwater world Park in Perth to build a large aquarium in its place, similar to the natural habitat. The goal of his idea was to make people feel like they were at the bottom of the ocean. It should be noted that the company Kana turned out – now "Coral World International" is a recognized authority in the field of organizing complex marine ecosystems and growing corals in artificial conditions.
In 2001, Underwater world changed its name to Western Australia Aquarium. Currently, it is possible to learn about the diversity and splendor of the marine flora and fauna of the coastline of Western Australia. The exhibition is divided into five sections that recreate different ecosystems: the Perth Coast, the Great South coast, the Far North, the Shipwreck Coast and the Marmion Marine Park.
The coast of Perth is a unique ancient reefs and sandy bays, where cuttlefish and jellyfish scurry among the bright live corals. Here you can also see octopuses, seahorses, lobsters and other inhabitants of the coastal waters of Perth. The great southern coast invites guests to dive into the depths of the cold southern ocean to find sea dragons, corals that shimmer with all colors, and ball fish, and devil fish.
In the Far North, tourists are invited to discover one of the most remote places in the world where dangerous marine animals live – clownfish, blue spiny-tailed Stingray, crocodiles and rock fish. On the Coast of Shipwrecks, you can watch the inhabitants of the warm waters of the Indian ocean-stingrays, sharks, turtles, admire various representatives of marine fauna and limestone reefs. In the Marmayon Marine Park, you can swim in the pool with some marine animals, visit the Bay of Stingrays and relax in the coral lagoon. During its existence, the aquarium was visited by more than 5 million people.
Perth is a real Paradise for those who want to have a great break from working days on a chic beach. If you are planning to visit Australia and want to combine a beach holiday with a visit to various interesting attractions, then you should choose this place. Everyone who has ever been to Perth dreams of coming back here again. The beauty of Western Australia remains in the heart of every tourist for a long time.