Stuttgart: sights of the automotive capital of Germany
Stuttgart, the capital of Baden-württemberg, is conveniently located in the South of Germany, surrounded by gardens and wooded hills. The Neckar river flows down the valley, and the picturesque historical buildings and typical German houses of the old part of the city are lined up nearby. In places where the hills rise too steeply, steps soar up alleys, giving tourists endless opportunities for adventure, exploration and beautiful photos. Stuttgart is also known as the cradle of the German car industry and is home to the headquarters of Mercedes-Benz and Porsche. It is recommended to start exploring the city with them.
What to see?
The Mercedes-Benz Museum
Visiting the Museum of the famous brand is a journey to the birth of the automobile industry. The design of the Museum in the form of a double helix allows you to conduct two parallel tours: one immerses tourists in the history of the outstanding brand, which begins in 1886 with the invention of the first real car by Karl Benz; and the other demonstrates the wide variety of cars produced by Mercedes-Benz today. The Museum presents more than 160 models. A free audio guide is available.
The Porsche Museum reveals the history of the first days of the brand and tells about the innovations of the engineer and founder, Professor Ferdinand Porsche, the man who invented the Volkswagen beetle and the first petrol-electric hybrid. One of the main places of the Museum is the workshop, where car exhibits are maintained "on the go" to participate in heritage races around the world.
Collegiate Church (Stiftskirche)
A stunning monastic Church with two completely different towers was founded in the XII century on the spot where the old Church of the X century once stood. Restored in the late Gothic style in the XV century, it was rebuilt in 1958 in the process of reconstruction after the severe consequences of the war. What is worth seeing in the Church is a magnificent series of paintings of the 16th century counts of württemberg, as well as burial vaults of the 17th century.
The new Palace (Neues Schloss)
The massive New Palace, built in 1807, rises majestically above the Schlossplatz square. The Palace, which served as the home of former kings and preserved the grandeur of the late Baroque, is now used by the government of the Federal state of Baden-württemberg. Although tours to the Palace are only available by prior agreement, even a simple walk around the Grand facade of the building will not leave you indifferent.
The old castle (Altes Schloss)
Not far from the New Palace, on the Schlossplatz square, there is the same massive Old castle. Although it is mentioned in the Chronicles of the X century, the existing building, along with its picturesque arcade courtyard, was built in 1553-1578. Today, the impressive structure is the home of the württemberg Museum with its fine collection of medieval art, musical instruments, clocks, and jewelry of the württemberg Royal family. In the South wing, the Palace Church of the XVI century is open, where you will find the tombs of famous residents and representatives of the Royal courts.
Weissenhof Quarter (Weissenhofsiedlung)
In 1927, the Weissenhof quarter was built at breakneck speed on a hill in front of Stuttgart. In just 4 months, 33 square houses with flat roofs were built, which became the basis of the exhibition "Die Wohnung". Their goal: to find modern answers to the question "how to live?". Much attention should be paid to Le Corbusier, who built two "residential cars". In his double house, like a train compartment, with sliding walls and folding beds, the living room turns into several bedrooms. Since October 2006, the Weissenhof Museum has been located in The Le Corbusier house. In one half of the house, visitors can look at an exhibition showing the General history of the quarter. In the other half of the house, travelers can immerse themselves in the authentic atmosphere of 1927.
State art gallery (Staatsgalerie)
The state gallery is home to one of the best art collections in Germany and is one of the country's most visited museums. The Museum has an impressive collection of German Renaissance and Baroque art, as well as Dutch and Italian masters of the XIV – XIX centuries, such as Rubens, Rembrandt and Hans Memling. In the new wing there are works of the XX century: Matisse, Picasso, Salvador Dali, Franz Marc, Piet Mondrian and Joan Miro.
Museum of fine arts (Kunstmuseum)
In the heart of Stuttgart is the Museum of fine arts, a first-class modern art Museum that was opened in 2005. The building's bold design – and this is a big glass cube with lime interior walls – complemented by 5,000 square meters of exhibition space. The highlight of the Museum is considered to be some of the most important works by German artists Otto Dix, Dieter Roth and Willy Baumeister. The ideal time to visit is Friday evening, when the building is illuminated and turns into a real work of art.
Castle Solitude (Schloss Solitude)
Although the castle is located in the vicinity of Stuttgart, it is included in the list of must-visit places. This impressive Palace, built for Duke Carl Jugen in the late Rococo/early neoclassical style in 1763, includes many fine halls with their impressive interior. Outside, in addition to the well-maintained grounds, the main tourist walkway is the Solitude Allee, a 13-kilometer route connecting the castle with the residence Palace of Ludwigsburg and offering magnificent views of the württemberg valley.
Bear castle (Bärenschlössle)
In 1768, Duke Karl von württemberg built a summer residence in the suburbs of Stuttgart, which was a two-story building made of stone, in the ancient Roman style. Like many other things, the Palace was damaged during the war. However, it was restored, preserving exactly its original style. Only the Windows on the second floor have been replaced with double doors, which offer a fantastic view of the surrounding area. Nowadays, the castle with its restaurant attracts travelers, especially in the summer, and provides them with the opportunity to enjoy the serene life of the Renaissance barons.
The Museum of pigs (SchweineMuseum)
There are many museums in Stuttgart, but there is not one that looks like a pig Museum. Here pink pigs are represented in all their forms: sculptures, engravings, paintings. About 37,000 different pigs are waiting for you in 28 themed rooms. You will see not only these funny animals, but also learn interesting facts about pigs. And those who like to eat will be able to taste Swabian delicacies from delicious pink piglets.
Killesberg Tower (Killesbergturm)
The most memorable thing in Killesberg Park is the 40-meter cable tower of civil engineer Jorg Schlaich. The cone-shaped structure was opened in 2000. Two spiral staircases lead to four platforms at a height of 8, 16, 24 and 31 meters, which offer an interesting view of the city and the Neckar valley. The tower is safe to climb. However, the description of the tower says that when the wind blows, you will feel that it sways in the wind.
Stuttgart TV tower (Fernsehturm)
A magnificent view of the city opens from the observation deck of the 217 m high TV tower, located on a wooded hill in the South of Stuttgart. The TV tower was built in 1956, and its cost, which was 4.2 million German marks at the time, was paid off by the early 1960s through the sale of entrance tickets. The tower also houses a restaurant where travelers can eat and enjoy the beauty of the city from a bird's eye view.
The Museum of viticulture and viniculture (Weinbaumuseum)
This Museum in the picturesque Ulbach district offers visitors exhibits of 2000 years of wine culture. The new exhibitions not only tell the Museum's guests the history of the vineyards of southern Germany, but also offer to taste this history in the Museum's wine library.
At the multi-faceted exhibition area of about 2500 square meters, tourists can explore the history of the tram in Stuttgart. Admire the first horse-drawn carriage in 1868 and trace the development of vehicles to the" classic " GT4, which was replaced in 2007 by the modern light rail tram. A separate exhibition is dedicated to the development of buses.
Where to go with the children?
Wilhelm's Botanical garden
This much-loved zoo and Botanical garden is located in the North of Stuttgart on the grounds of the Royal Palace. The garden, laid out during the reign of William I and named after him, was planned as an amusement Park. The king of württemberg chose a Moorish revival theme for the Royal bath, which is a miniature version of the Alhambra in Granada. The Park opened to the public in 1880, and after being damaged in the war, the Park was reconstructed and reopened as a zoo. The zoo has more than 1000 species, so "Wilhelma" can compete with the Berlin zoo. Monkeys such as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans attract the most attention. And in the Botanical garden is the largest grove of magnolias in Europe, thousands of species of orchids and dozens of varieties of camellias and azaleas.
Carl Zeiss Planetarium)
The 20-meter dome of the planetarium is located in a large glass pyramid. With its unique Zeiss VI-A projector installed in 1977, the planetarium offers two excellent programs: a live lecture on basic astronomical concepts with an emphasis on the current position of the night sky, and a high-tech digital presentation of the entire sky dome.
The Europa-Park in rust (Europa-Park in Rust)
This amusement Park is the largest amusement Park in Germany and one of the most visited parks in the world. With a total area of 950,000 square meters, it attracts millions of visitors every year with hundreds of attractions, 18 roller coasters and various shows in 15 European themed zones. In one day, you and your children will be able to relax and get a lot of impressions, just without passing by the attractions you meet on the way.
Stuttgart is a historic city with modern technology and the charm of the past.