San Francisco's main attractions
The first Europeans appeared in the future California in the 70s of the XVIII century and built the Golden gate Fort here. Migrants from all over the world, especially from Europe, began to settle near it, looking for a better life.
San Francisco was born as a result of the Gold rush that hit all of California in the mid-nineteenth century. Immediately, adventurers from all over the world came to this area, who wanted to get rich easily and quickly. In the early twentieth century, after an earthquake and subsequent fire, San Francisco burned to the ground, then within a few years was completely rebuilt. Therefore, there are almost no ancient historical and cultural attractions here. Today, San Francisco is a major tourist center in the United States, where there is a Victorian and modern architecture, many squares, parks, attractions of the XX-XXI centuries, the city, excellent hotels and restaurants. We offer you a brief description of the sights of San Francisco with photos and recommend that you visit this wonderful city and its surroundings in the near future. So, what to see in San Francisco?
Golden Gate Bridge
This is the largest bridge in Northern California, a symbol and business card of San Francisco. It was built and opened on the eve of world war II. Pedestrians, bicycles and cars can move on the bridge. The Golden gate is very photogenic, cinematic, so it often falls into the American cinema. The bridge has a truly grandiose appearance, painted in red and has a length of almost 3 km. It can be seen in many blockbusters.
This is the name of a former prison located on a small island in the Bay near San Francisco. It is famous for those criminals who served their sentences here. None of them managed to escape from Alcatraz and stay alive. After the prison was closed in the early 60s of the XX century, Indian leaders came to this island. They demanded that the authorities recognize that they had forcibly occupied territories that previously belonged to Indian tribes. Today Alcatraz is a large Museum.
Cable car tram
This type of transport has been operating in San Francisco since the 70s of the XIX century. A cable tram is very similar to a funicular, but it has an engine. It is located not in a tram, but at a substation. This is an efficient transport, but today only tourists ride it. In the middle of the last century, the cable tram wanted to close, there was a serious struggle for its existence. After restoration and reconstruction, it continued to work. In fact, this line is able to transport more than 7 million people per year.
This is one of the main city squares. Here you can indulge in plenty of shopping, because around the perimeter of the square there are world-famous shopping centers, expensive boutiques, as well as five-star hotels and restaurants of high cuisine. Art galleries, concert halls and souvenir shops are waiting for those who like sightseeing in Union square. Tour buses depart from here to explore San Francisco, where business and personal meetings are arranged.
Golden gate Park
The area of this city Park is more than 400 hectares. It starts in the center of the city and ends on the shore of the Bay of the Pacific ocean. Inside the Park, you can see ponds, artificial hills, multi-level waterfalls, sand dunes, etc. You can also visit museums with large and diverse collections at the Golden gate. There are all conditions to do sports, walk, ride a bike or just lie on the lawn.
This is the name of several buildings built in the era of Queen Victoria and not destroyed during the earthquake in the early XX century. They are located in the local expensive neighborhood of Noah hill. Due to the features of architecture and coloring, after restoration, these houses received the name of Decorated ladies. The architect Cardum tried to do this. The result is wooden houses with colorful facades, balconies, turrets and cozy verandas.
This is a well-known California tourist area of the city, where there are a lot of excellent fish restaurants, as well as museums and souvenir shops. From the Fish pier, you can take a ferry to the island where Alcatraz is located. During the Gold rush, this Wharf was home to losers who failed to become successful gold diggers and become rich. So they went fishing on the Wharf to get copper money for food.
There is a lot of entertainment on the Fishing pier, it is a very popular place for recreation among citizens and tourists. Most of all, visitors like to watch the rookery of sea lions. This place is called pier 39. For lions, all the conditions necessary for a normal life are organized here. They rest and bask in the sun at the pier in the water, on large wooden decks. In total, there are more than one and a half thousand guests.
Today, in almost any major city in the United States, you can find an area where mostly Chinese people live. There is one in San Francisco. This is a bright quarter with a national flavor: pagodas, colorful lanterns, etc.
Chinatown is not only a place of residence for representatives of China, but also a well-known tourist destination, where thousands of people come every day who are interested in Chinese culture, language and history. The quarter has been around for more than a hundred and fifty years.
This block of San Francisco is predominantly populated by sex-related minorities, with flags of all colors of the rainbow everywhere. Attractions in this quarter are mainly dedicated to the history of the LGBT community. Here you can learn a lot about how homosexuals organized their community, how they fought for equality in the society of heterosexuals. There is a Museum of LGBT history, several gay clubs. Russians will probably be interested to see this curiosity.
The construction of this temple began immediately after the disastrous earthquake of the beginning of the XX century, when the city was destroyed to the ground. Construction lasted more than half a century. At the same time, many elements of the facade of the temple had to be removed. Nevertheless, built in the neo-Gothic style, the temple is decorated with elegant stained glass Windows, mosaics, frescoes, which will also be exposed to serious danger in the event of new seismic activity in this area.
Modern art museum
It is the largest art Museum in the Western United States. Here you can see paintings by modern European and American artists of the XX-XXI century. Modern painting today's America is very famous. Here you can see a collection of paintings by J. Pollock, Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, Saarinen, Andy Warhol and other famous artists. This Museum moved to a new modern building two decades ago.
De young Museum
This Museum is located in the Golden gate, it was created by American journalist de young. He also collected a collection of paintings and other artifacts that are now displayed here. The Museum is a must-see in San Francisco.
De young is fond of works of art created from the XVII century to the present day, so his Museum has an extremely large number of exhibits, and the collections are constantly updated. Visitors will see paintings, furniture, and clothing from America, Africa, and Asia from different centuries.
Walt Disney Museum
This Museum opened to the public only ten years ago. The daughter of the great animator collected the necessary exhibits. Visitors can see Walt's personal belongings firsthand, from Slippers to cups, as well as his drawings, sketches, drawings, etc. One of the walls of the Museum is made of glass, so you can periodically distract yourself from the property of Disney and admire the waters of the Bay, where the facade of this building faces.
This is the name of a city hall in America. Its building was built at the beginning of the last century in an elegant Beaux-arts style. The city hall has a colonnade in the style of Ancient Rome and a monumental classical dome at the top.
The interior is decorated with marble. Inside the city hall there are sculptures of former mayors of the city, it is allowed to conduct tourist excursions, or to get acquainted with the city hall yourself and free of charge during working hours.
This is the tallest tower in San Francisco, built in the form of a pyramid in the 70s of the last century. Its height reaches more than 250 meters, the number of floors — 48 floors. This building has various offices, offices, shops, restaurants, etc. Every day thousands of people come to Transamerica to earn money. And tourists on vacation go up to the top floor of the tower to explore the surrounding area and indulge in the entertainment available in Transamerica.
This garden is grown and maintained in the Japanese tradition, it is located in the Golden gate Park. At the end of the nineteenth century, it was a temporary exhibit at an exhibition in Paris, and then became a permanent garden and attraction in San Francisco. About the garden a long time looked after a Japanese gardener-immigrant Hathawa. He grew it in the Japanese tradition. The fruits of his labors can still be seen today in alleys, Japanese pagodas, cherry blossoms, ponds and bridges over them.
As you know, America is a country of immigrants. Therefore, San Francisco is divided into districts where visitors from a particular country in Europe or Asia live. The most charming such area is Little Italy, near North beach. Catholic churches are carefully preserved here, and Italian traditions are preserved. The streets are full of Italian restaurants and pizzerias that sell pizza, not worse than in Italy. Here you can visit the oldest Saloon in San Francisco.
Museum of Asian art
The Museum presents paintings, sculptures, ceramics, mosaics, silk from different regions of the giant Asia: Thailand, China, India, Uzbekistan, Iran, Syria and many other Eastern countries United by one continent. The Museum has an antique shop where visitors can buy their favorite precious trinkets from India, medieval Chinese porcelain, a real Persian carpet, and other Antiques. Tours of the Museum are free of charge.
This beach is located on the outskirts of the city, on the Bay. Baker beach is a great place for long walks, beach sports, barbecues and sunbathing, but it will be a bit cold to swim here. It offers a beautiful view of the Golden gate bridge, which seems to fly over the Bay with its spectacular red spans. North of Baker beach is reserved for nudists who have long chosen this wonderful beach.